Cape Buffalo

RGB Cape Buffalo
RGB Cape Buffalo
RGB Cape Buffalo
RGB Cape Buffalo

Physical Characteristics

Current breeding bull: Mr. T
Roland Ward measurement: 43inches
Age: 6years old (2016)
Origin: Bread by Trollope Brothers Thabazimbi
Blood line: Kruger / Addo cross
Current herd size: 20
Consists of:
Breeding Bull: 1
Mature Cows: 7
Mature Heifers: 3
Young Heifers: 3
Heifer Calves: 3 (2016)
Bulls Calves: 3 (2016)

Head and body length: 170-340 cm

Shoulder height: 100-170 cm

Tail length: 70-110 cm

Adult weight: 300-900 kg

Colour: African buffalo range are dark brown or black in colour.

The body is heavy-set, with stocky legs, a large head, and short neck.

Horns: Both male and female African buffalo have horns. The horns are hook-shaped, curving first downwards and then hooking up and inwards, and growing up to 160 cm long. The horns of males are larger than females, and in males the bases of the horns expand into a known as a “boss”. Forest buffalo have much shorter horns (no more than 40 cm long) which are relatively straight and which sweep backwards in line with the forehead.

Reproduction and Development

Gestation period: 340 days.
Litter size: 1, rarely 2.
Weaning: Around 6 months.
Sexual maturity: 3.5-5 years.
Life span: Typically, 18-20, up to 29 in captivity.

Cape Buffalo will breed year-round if conditions allow, but where water is scarce most births occur during the wet season. At birth, the calf is lighter than the adults; baby Cape Buffalo are usually dark reddish-brown.

Ecology and Behaviour

Cape Buffalo may be active throughout the day and night; on average, 18 hours per day are spent foraging and moving. Herds usually occupy a stable home range with areas up to 126 to 1,075 square kilometers in size. African buffalo are formidable animals on account of their large size, large herds, and large horns. Herds will stick together and may charge as a unit when threatened, a tactic which ensures that predators have difficulty preying on even young and feeble animals. Oxpeckers and cattle egrets are birds which frequently accompany buffalo, feeding on insects flushed from the grass as the buffalo walk and also eating biting insects from the buffalo’s skin. Regular use of mud wallows also helps protect buffalo from insects.

Family group: Cape Buffalo live in large herds of 50-500 animals, comprised of smaller subgroups of bachelor males, females and their young, or juveniles. Old males may be solitary.

Diet: Grass.

Main Predators: Lions, crocodiles.

Habitat and Distribution

Cape Buffalo are found in a variety of habitats, including open savannah, woodlands, and rainforest. Once ranging widely in sub-Saharan Africa, the distribution of this species has shrunk due to hunting and disease issues.